[Introduction to Logical Fallacies]
“Logical Fallacies” are errors in reason. They occur when the answer we come to isn’t necessarily supported by the reasoning we use. It’s a bit like saying:
“I ate toast in the morning and I got hit by a car in the afternoon.
Therefore, eating toast causes car accidents.”
The example above is known by the fancy name of “Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc“, which simply means “after this, therefore because of this”. It’s the classic “just because something happens after an event does not mean it was caused by the event” situation.
This is a problem when people then confuse any correlation with causation. For example, if 80% of the people in the world ate toast for breakfast, there would be a high correlation between those who got hit by a car and their breakfast habits. Obviously, in this universe anyway, eating toast is not known to cause car accidents, nor is there a strong correlation between the two.
Unfortunately, most logical fallacies aren’t as easy to spot as the example above. See below for information on other logical fallacies and how to spot them!